Ultrastructural studies revealed that the virus, PBCV-1, adsorbs to the surface of the Chlorella-like green alga NC64A and enzymatically digests a portion of the host cell wall. The viral DNA is then released into the interior of the cell leaving an empty capsid on the surface. Thus uncoating of the viral genome occurs at the surface of its host. PBCV-1 also adsorbs to and digests the host wall of either heat-killed, methanol-extracted, or purified cell wall fragments.
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