Influence of planting date and herbicide program on Amaranthus palmeri control in dry bean

Clint W. Beiermann, Cody F. Creech, Stevan Z. Knezevic, Amit J. Jhala, Robert Harveson, Nevin C. Lawrence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Late-emerging summer annual weeds are difficult to control in dry bean production fields. Dry bean is a poor competitor with weeds, due to its slow rate of growth and delayed canopy formation. Palmer amaranth is particularly difficult to control due to season-long emergence and resistance to acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides. Dry bean growers rely on PPI and preemergence residual herbicides for the foundation of their weed control programs; however, postemergence herbicides are often needed for season-long weed control. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effect of planting date and herbicide program on late-season weed control in dry bean in western Nebraska. Field experiments were conducted in 2017 and 2018 near Scottsbluff, NE. The experiment was arranged in a split-plot design, with planting date and herbicide program as main-plot and subplot factors, respectively. Delayed planting was represented by a delay of 15 d after standard planting time. The treatments EPTC + ethalfluralin, EPTC + ethalfluralin followed by (fb) imazamox + bentazon, and pendimethalin + dimethenamid-P fb imazamox + bentazon, resulted in the lowest Palmer amaranth density at 3 wk after treatment and the highest dry bean yield. The imazamox + bentazon treatment provided poor Palmer amaranth control and did not consistently result in Palmer amaranth density and biomass reduction compared with the nontreated control. In 2018, the delayed planting treatment had reduced Palmer amaranth biomass with the pendimethalin + dimethenamid-P treatment, as compared with standard planting. Delaying planting did not reduce dry bean yield and had limited benefit in improving weed control in dry bean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalWeed Technology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2022

Keywords

  • Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson
  • EPTC
  • Nomenclature: Bentazon
  • Palmer amaranth
  • Phaseolus vulgaris L
  • dimethenamid-P
  • dry bean
  • ethalfluralin
  • imazamox
  • pendimethalin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of planting date and herbicide program on Amaranthus palmeri control in dry bean'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this