Influence of shear stress magnitude and direction on atherosclerotic plaque composition

Ryan M. Pedrigi, Vikramv Mehta, Sandra M. Bovens, Zahra Mohri, Christian Bo Poulsen, Willy Gsell, Jordi L. Tremoleda, Leila Towhidi, Ranil De Silva, Enrico Petretto, Rob Krams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The precise flow characteristics that promote different atherosclerotic plaque types remain unclear. We previously developed a blood flow-modifying cuff for ApoE−/− mice that induces the development of advanced plaques with vulnerable and stable features upstream and downstream of the cuff, respectively. Herein, we sought to test the hypothesis that changes in flow magnitude promote formation of the upstream (vulnerable) plaque, whereas altered flow direction is important for development of the downstream (stable) plaque. We instrumented ApoE−/− mice (n=7) with a cuff around the left carotid artery and imaged them with micro-CT (39.6 μm resolution) eight to nine weeks after cuff placement. Computational fluid dynamics was then performed to compute six metrics that describe different aspects of atherogenic flow in terms of wall shear stress magnitude and/or direction. In a subset of four imaged animals, we performed histology to confirm the presence of advanced plaques and measure plaque length in each segment. Relative to the control artery, the region upstream of the cuff exhibited changes in shear stress magnitude only (p<0.05), whereas the region downstream of the cuff exhibited changes in shear stress magnitude and direction (p<0.05). These data suggest

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2016

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Biomechanics
  • Endothelial cell
  • Haemodynamics
  • Micro-computed tomography
  • Thin cap fibroatheroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of shear stress magnitude and direction on atherosclerotic plaque composition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this