Several endoplasmic reticulum proteins, including tapasin, play an important role in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I assembly. In this study, we assessed the influence of the tapasin cytoplasmic tail on three mouse MHC class I allotypes (H2-Kb, -Kd, and -L d) and demonstrated that the expression of truncated mouse tapasin in mouse cells resulted in very low Kb, Kd, and L d surface expression. The surface expression of Kd also could not be rescued by human soluble tapasin, suggesting that the surface expression phenotype of the mouse MHC class I molecules in the presence of soluble tapasin was not due to mouse/human differences in tapasin. Notably, soluble mouse tapasin was able to partially rescue HLA-B8 surface expression on human 721.220 cells. Thus, the cytoplasmic tail of tapasin (either mouse or human) has a stronger impact on the surface expression of murine MHC class I molecules on mouse cells than on the expression of HLA-B8 on human cells. A K408W mutation in the mouse tapasin transmembrane/cytoplasmic domain disrupted Kd folding and release from tapasin, but not interaction with transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), indicating that the mechanism whereby the tapasin transmembrane/cytoplasmic domain facilitates MHC class I assembly is not limited to TAP stabilization. Our findings indicate that the C terminus of mouse tapasin plays a vital role in enabling murine MHC class I molecules to be expressed at the surface of mouse cells.
- Antigen presentation
- Antigen processing
- Major histocompatibility complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas