Purpose: Clindamycin has been demonstrated, in vitro, to inhibit production of Pseudomonas elastase, an important virulence factor. The purpose of this study was to determine whether inhaled clindamycin can modulate airway inflammation in CF patients chronically infected with Pseudomonas. Methods: Clindamycin was inhaled at a dose of 300 mg bid for 14 days by 5 CF patients with previously documented Pseudomonas infections and moderately severe airway obstruction. Spirometry, clinical history, and expectorated sputum were obtained before therapy and after 2 weeks of therapy. The sputum was mixed with equal volumes of dithiothrietol rocked in a warm water bath for 20 min, and samples were aliquoted for cell counts and quantitative culture of Pseudomonas. The sputum was strained through gauze, centrifuged (5000 rpm, 5 min), and cell differentials were determined for 300 cells after staining cytocentrifuge preparations with Diff-Quik. Results: No changes in spirometry, clinical symptoms or the number of Pseudomonas CFU's per ml sputum were observed over the treatment period. The number of sputum neutrophils before ranged from 13.4-195×106/ ml. The number of neutrophils fell (mean±SEM, 83.8±42.0 to 13.0±4.1, p=0.04) after treatment. Conclusions: Inhaled clindamycin caused a fall in the inflammatory cell burden of the lower respiratory tract as sampled by expectorated sputum, without causing a fall in the burden of Pseudomonas. The study period may have been too short to detect possible improvement in spirometry, but as measured by spirometry, inhaled clindamycin was well tolerated in this small number of patients. Clinical Implications: Non-traditional uses of antibiotics, aimed at modulating lower respiratory tract inflammation, may be of value for the treatment of CF.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||4 SUPPL.|
|State||Published - Oct 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine