The present studies were directed to determine whether peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI), like its structural analogues secretin and gastric inhibitory peptide, inhibits antral gastrin. In separate experiments, the effects of PHI on medium gastrin concentrations, the incorporation of [35S]methionine into newly synthesized gastrin, and steady-state gastrin mRNA were determined. The inclusion of PHI in the incubation medium decreased medium gastrin levels at all concentrations examined, an effect that was not altered by the addition of 10-6 M tetrodotoxin to the medium. PHI also inhibited the incorporation of [35S]methionine into newly synthesized gastrin in a concentration-dependent manner. Steady-state levels of gastrin mRNA were determined by dot-blot hybridization, using a 32P-labeled gastrin cRNA probe. PHI inhibited gastrin mRNA levels in a concentration-dependent manner; in contrast, no effect on the levels of actin and ubiquitin mRNA could be detected, indicating specificity of PHI on gastrin mRNA. The results of these studies indicate that PHI may exert a physiological inhibitory effect on antral gastrin cells and that this inhibition may occur at several steps along the biosynthetic pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)