As a model of the cell proliferation occurring in posterior capsule opacification (PCO), lens epithelial cells (LEC) from human and rabbit capsulotomies, and a rabbit LEC line (N/N1003A) were grown in Dulbecco’s Minimal Essential Media (MEM) with 10% fetal calf serum. LEC were exposed to the calcium ionophore, calcimycin, and viability was assessed by trypan blue staining, growth by 3H-thymidine incorporation and apoptosis by annexin/propidium iodide staining, calcein AM/ethidium bromide staining and DNA laddering. Human capsulotomy samples were similarly exposed to calcimycin, and apoptosis assayed by calcein AM/ethidium bromide staining. Calcimycin exposure induced apoptosis in both rabbit LEC cultures and human LEC, and changes leading to apoptosis could be detected within 30 minutes of calcimycin treatment. The decrease in viability and growth in human and rabbit LEC was dose-dependent. These data support the further evaluation of apoptosis induction as a possible treatment mechanism to prevent development of PCO following primary cataract surgery in humans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)