Cancer stem cells (CSC) play a central role in cancer metastasis and development of drug resistance.miRNAare important in regulating CSC properties and are considered potential therapeutic targets. Herewereport that miR-328-3p (miR-328) is significantly upregulated in ovarian CSC. High expression of miR-328 maintained CSC properties by directly targeting DNA damage binding protein 2,which has been shownpreviously to inhibit ovarian CSC. Reduced activity of ERK signaling in ovarian CSC, mainly due to a low level of reactive oxygen species, contributed to the enhanced expression of miR-328 and maintenance of CSC. Inhibition of miR-328 in mouse orthotopic ovarian xenografts impeded tumor growth and prevented tumor metastasis. In summary, our findings provide a novel mechanism underlying maintenance of the CSC population in ovarian cancer and suggest that targeted inhibition of miR-328 could be exploited for the eradication of CSC and aversion of tumor metastasis in ovarian cancer. Significance: These findings present inhibition of miR-328 as a novel strategy for efficient elimination of CSC to prevent tumor metastasis and recurrence in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research