Background: c-Met is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) that is over-expressed in a variety of cancers and involved in cell growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the role of c-Met in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) using its small molecule inhibitor SU11274, which has been hypothesized to be a potential therapeutic target for RMS.Methods: The expression level of phosphorylated c-Met in RMS cell lines (RD, CW9019 and RH30) and tumor tissues was assessed by phospho-RTK array and immunohistochemistry, respectively. The inhibition effects of SU11274 on RMS cells were studied with regard to intracellular signaling, cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell migration.Results: A high level of phosphorylated c-Met was detected in 2 alveolar RMS cell lines (CW9019 and RH30) and 14 out of 24 RMS tissue samples, whereas relatively low levels of phospho-c-Met were observed in the embryonic RMS cell line (RD). The small molecule SU11274 could significantly reduce the phosphorylation of c-Met, resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation, G1 phase arrest of cell cycle and blocking of cell migration in CW9019 and RH30 cell lines.Conclusion: These results might support the role of c-Met in the development and progression of RMS. Furthermore, the inhibitor of c-Met, SU11274, could be an effective targeting therapy reagent for RMS, especially alveolar RMS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)