Inhibitors of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway: a patent review (2008-2015)

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15 Scopus citations


Introduction: The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is a critical signaling pathway and plays a diverse role in embryonic pattern formation and is implicated in a variety of disease processes, including anemia, bone formation, atherosclerosis, skin diseases, and cancers, among others. Areas covered: This review covers small molecule inhibitors/antagonists of BMP in patent applications between 2008 – 2015, along with brief synopses of the disclosed inhibitors in the primary literature. Expert opinion: The development of potent and selective BMP inhibitors is ongoing with most of the work centered around improving the selectivity and pharmacokinetic profile. Early work was for the treatment of the rare and neglected disease, fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP). Recently, however, there has been increased interest in their use in a number of other diseases such as cancer, atherosclerosis, and anemia of chronic disease, to name a few. Although the primary participants in the early work were from academic laboratories, recently a significant surge from the pharmaceutical industry has elevated the interest in the development of BMP inhibitors for a wide-range of therapeutic indications. Due to this, expect a number of new approaches such as repurposing of other kinase inhibitors to be brought into clinical trials in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1128
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2 2016


  • ALK
  • BMP
  • Bone morphogenetic protein
  • activin receptor-like kinase
  • inhibitors
  • small molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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