Initiatives to develop better-tolerated, more efficacious pharmacological agents with improved drug delivery systems have driven recent research in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). While stimulants are the primary pharmacotherapy for ADHD, these drugs have a limited duration of action and a subset of patients will either fail to respond to these medications or have side effects that preclude their use. The development of atomoxetine, the first nonstimulant approved for ADHD, has been followed by additional innovative research, such as the methylphenidate transdermal system, modafinil, NRP-104 and cholinergic agents. This review highlights some of the recent trends in ADHD treatment and the current status of promising treatment options that may help to shape the future of ADHD treatment.
- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pharmacology (medical)