Insertion and management of temporary pacemakers

Breandan Lawrence Sullivan, Karsten Bartels, Natalie Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Temporary pacemakers are used in a variety of critical care settings. These life-saving devices are reviewed in 2 major categories in this review: first, the insertion and management of epicardial pacemakers after and during cardiac surgery; and second, the insertion of transvenous temporary pacemakers for the emergent treatment of bradyarrhythmias. Temporary epicardial pacemakers are used routinely in patients recovering from cardiac surgery. Borrowing from advances in cardiac resynchronization therapy there are many theoretical and untested benefits to pacing the postoperative cardiac surgery patient. Temporary transvenous pacing is traditionally an emergency procedure to stabilize patients suffering from hemodynamically unstable bradyarrhythmia. We review the traditional and expanding use of transvenous pacemakers inside and outside the operating room.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-62
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • cardiothoracic anesthesia
  • critical care
  • perioperative
  • temporary epicardial pacemaker
  • temporary transvenous pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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