Instructing occupational therapy students in use of theory to guide practice

Moses N. Ikiugu, Stacy Smallfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We investigated the effectiveness of instructing students in occupational therapy practice models to facilitate their competence in applying theory in clinical practice. Course evaluation data were gathered and analyzed retrospectively. We found that perceived understanding of theory and its application improved significantly after instruction. The students' perceived competence in theory use predicted their level of confidence in their assessment and intervention skills. We concluded that emphasis on instruction of students in the use of occupational therapy practice models could be a viable method of improving practice through consistent use of theoretical guidelines in clinical reasoning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-177
Number of pages13
JournalOccupational Therapy in Health Care
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Occupational therapy
  • Professional identity
  • Theoretical conceptual practice models
  • Theory application

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy


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