In these studies we demonstrate that insulin stimulates both tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor after its partial purification on wheat germ-agarose, and after affinity purification on insulin-agarose. Analysis of the serine phosphate incorporated into partially purified or highly purified insulin receptor suggests that an insulin-sensitive serine kinase (IRSK) copurifies with the insulin receptor. Following trypsin digestion, reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the phosphorylated, affinity-purified insulin receptor preparation reveals phosphopeptide profiles similar to those of trypsin-digested receptors immunoprecipitated from 32P-labeled fibroblasts overexpressing the human insulin receptor. The major insulin-stimulated HPLC phosphopeptide peak from insulin receptors labeled in intact cells contains a hydrophilic phosphoserine-containing peptide which rapidly elutes from a C18 column. HPLC and two-dimensional separation indicate that the same phosphopeptide is obtained when affinity-purified insulin receptors are phosphorylated by IRSK. The serine containing trypsin peptide within the cytoplasmic domain of the human insulin receptor predicted to elute most rapidly upon HPLC had the sequence SSHCQR corresponding to residues 1293-1298. A synthetic peptide containing this sequence is phosphorylated by the insulin receptor/IRSK preparation. After alkylation and trypsin digestion, the synthetic phosphopeptide comigrates with the alkylated, tryptic phosphopeptide derived from insulin receptor phosphorylated in vitro by IRSK. We propose that serine 1293 or 1294 of the human insulin receptor is a major site(s) phosphorylated on the insulin receptor in intact cells and is phosphorylated by IRSK. Furthermore, insulin added directly to affinity-purified insulin receptor/IRSK preparations stimulates the phosphorylation of synthetic peptides corresponding to this receptor phosphorylation site and another containing threonine 1336. Kemptide phosphorylation is not stimulated by insulin under these conditions. No phosphorylation of peptide substrates for Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C, casein kinase II, or cGMP-dependent protein kinase by IRSK is detected. These data indicate that IRSK exhibits specificity for the insulin receptor and may be activated by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase in an insulin-dependent manner.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology