Intensivists' Religiosity and Perceived Conflict During a Simulated ICU Family Meeting

Amanda Moale, Melissa L. Teply, Tiange Liu, Arun L. Singh, Pragyashree Sharma Basyal, Alison E. Turnbull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Conflict is frequently reported by both clinicians and surrogate decision makers for adult patients in intensive care units. Because religious clinicians view religion as an important dimension of end-of-life care, we hypothesized that religious critical care attendings (intensivists) would be more comfortable and perceive less conflict when discussing a patient's critical illness with a religious surrogate. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess if religious intensivists are more or less likely to perceive conflict during a simulated family meeting than secular colleagues. Methods: Intensivists were recruited to participate in a standardized, simulated family meeting with an actor portraying a family member of a critically ill patient. Intensivists provided demographic information including their current religion and the importance of religion in their lives. After the simulation, intensivists rated the amount of conflict they perceived during the simulation. The association between intensivist's self-reported religiosity and perceived conflict was estimated using both univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression. Results: Among 112 participating intensivists, 43 (38%) perceived conflict during the simulation. Among intensivists who perceived conflict, 49% were religious, and among those who did not perceive conflict, 35% were religious. After adjusting for physician race, gender, years in practice, intensive care unit weeks worked per year and actor, physician religiosity was associated with greater odds of perceiving conflict during the simulated family meeting (adjusted prevalence ratio = 2.77, [95% CI 1.12–7.16], P = 0.03). Conclusion: Religious intensivists were more likely to perceive conflict during a simulated family meeting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-693.e1
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Intensivists' religiosity
  • conflict
  • family meetings
  • religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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