Interconnection network front-end controller combining to reduce hot spots effects

Hamid Sharif, Hamid Vakilzadian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Multistage interconnection networks are very promising for shared-memory multiprocessor systems. These networks offer flexibility, scalability, and good performance-cost ratio. However, under a non-uniform traffic pattern, the performance of multistage interconnection networks suffers greatly because of hot spot traffic contention. The potential performance degradation due to even moderate hot spot traffic was found to be very significant, severely reducing all memory access, not just to shared locations [1]. Several techniques have been proposed to reduce the effects of hot spot and tree saturation contentions in multistage interconnection networks. These include multibuffered switching nodes, multipath networks, and request combining [2]. Request combining strategy was found to be an effective method of reducing the tree saturation problem [1]. Some request combining approaches have been proposed [1,3-5]. This paper proposes a new request combining based architecture to reduce the hot spot performance degradation. This approach is referred to as interconnection network front-end controller combining (IN-FEC). In IN-FEC, the interconnection network combines requests to the shared memory location, and the memory front-end controllers are used to decombine the combined request and distribute the results. Simulation results show considerable throughput enhancement under IN-FEC for an Omega network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1089-1097
Number of pages9
JournalComputer Communications
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997


  • Hot spots
  • Interconnect networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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