Interrogating the Theranostic Capacity of a MUC16-Targeted Antibody for Ovarian Cancer

Kyeara N. Mack, Zachary V. Samuels, Lukas M. Carter, Tara D. Viray, Komal Mandleywala, Cory L. Brooks, Michael A. Hollingsworth, Prakash Radhakrishnan, Jason S. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aberrantly expressed glycans on mucins such as mucin-16 (MUC16) are implicated in the biology that promotes ovarian cancer (OC) malignancy. Here, we investigated the theranostic potential of a humanized antibody, huAR9.6, targeting fully glycosylated and hypoglycosylated MUC16 isoforms. Methods: In vitro and in vivo targeting of the diagnostic radiotracer [89Zr]Zr-DFO-huAR9.6 was investigated via binding experiments, immuno-PET imaging, and biodistribution studies on OC mouse models. Ovarian xenografts were used to determine the safety and efficacy of the therapeutic version, [177Lu]Lu-CHX-A99- DTPA-huAR9.6. Results: In vivo uptake of [89Zr]Zr-DFO-huAR9.6 supported in vitro-determined expression levels: high uptake in OVCAR3 and OVCAR4 tumors, low uptake in OVCAR5 tumors, and no uptake in OVCAR8 tumors. Accordingly, [177Lu]Lu-CHX-A99-DTPAhuAR9.6 displayed strong antitumor effects in the OVCAR3 model and improved overall survival in the OVCAR3 and OVCAR5 models in comparison to the saline control. Hematologic toxicity was transient in both models. Conclusion: PET imaging of OC xenografts showed that [89Zr]Zr-DFO-huAR9.6 delineated MUC16 expression levels, which correlated with in vitro results. Additionally, we showed that [177Lu]Lu-CHX-A99-DTPA-huAR9.6 displayed strong antitumor effects in highly MUC16-expressing tumors. These findings demonstrate great potential for 89Zr- and 177Lu-labeled huAR9.6 as theranostic tools for the diagnosis and treatment of OC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)580-585
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • MUC16
  • PET imaging
  • huAR9.6
  • ovarian cancer
  • radioimmunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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