Introduction: Role of membrane science and technology and forward osmosis processes

Sherub Phuntsho, Ho Kyong Shon, Tian C. Zhang, Rao Surampalli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


This introduction presents an overview of the book’s key concepts. The book’s main objective is to introduce the principles and concept of the forward osmosis (FO) process and the potential for various applications, such as desalination, fertigation, wastewater reuse, and mine water treatment. The book also covers other important aspects of the FO process such as membrane fabrication and modeling. The introduction briefly outlines each chapter, including various water treatment technologies available on the market. One of the most advanced and reliable water treatment technologies is the membrane process. Depending on the membrane pore size and its removal capacity, the membrane process is classified into four different types: microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration. and reverse osmosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationForward Osmosis
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Applications
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479230
ISBN (Print)9780784414071
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Environmental Science


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