Invasive non-Aspergillus mold infections in transplant recipients, United States, 2001-2006

Benjamin J. Park, Peter G. Pappas, Kathleen A. Wannemuehler, Barbara D. Alexander, Elias J. Anaissie, David R. Andes, John W. Baddley, Janice M. Brown, Lisa M. Brumble, Alison G. Freifeld, Susan Hadley, Loreen Herwaldt, James I. Ito, Carol A. Kauffman, G. Marshall Lyon, Kieren A. Marr, Vicki A. Morrison, Genovefa Papanicolaou, Thomas F. Patterson, Trish M. PerlMindy G. Schuster, Randall Walker, John R. Wingard, Thomas J. Walsh, Dimitrios P. Kontoyiannis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

233 Scopus citations


Recent reports describe increasing incidence of non- Aspergillus mold infections in hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) and solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. To investigate the epidemiology of infections with Mucorales, Fusarium spp., and Scedosporium spp. molds, we analyzed data from the Transplant-Associated Infection Surveillance Network, 23 transplant centers that conducted prospective surveillance for invasive fungal infections during 2001-2006. We identifled 169 infections (105 Mucorales, 37 Fusarium spp., and 27 Scedosporium spp.) in 169 patients; 124 (73.4%) were in HCT recipients, and 45 (26.6%) were in SOT recipients. The crude 90-day mortality rate was 56.6%. The 12-month mucormycosis cumulative incidence was 0.29% for HCT and 0.07% for SOT. Mucormycosis incidence among HCT recipients varied widely, from 0.08% to 0.69%, with higher incidence in cohorts receiving transplants during 2003 and 2004. Non-Aspergillus mold infections continue to be associated with high mortality rates. The incidence of mucormycosis in HCT recipients increased substantially during the surveillance period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1855-1864
Number of pages10
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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