We report 9 clinicopathological cases of inverted papilloma. The occurrence of associated true malignant epithelial tumors in the urinary tract in 4 patients is not concurrent with previous reports. Even though inverted papilloma per se is a benign lesion it may be associated with malignant epithelial tumors of the urinary tract. The similarity between proliferative lesions of the bladder and inverted papilloma is discussed. The possibility of common etiologic factors of proliferative cystitis, cystitis cystica, cystitis glandularis, inverted papilloma and ordinary bladder tumors may be considered.
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