Investigating the Impact of Human Risk Taking Tendency on the Likelihood of Struck-By Accidents in Construction Using Agent-Based Simulation

Cenfei Sun, Seungjun Ahn, Changbum Ahn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Struck-by accidents are a major type of accidents which can occur on construction sites. Researchers have developed several methods for reducing the chance of struck-by accidents in construction, such as spatial conflict assessment and workspace analysis. However, scarce attention has been paid to the impact individual risk taking tendencies have on the occurrence of struck-by accidents. Findings in psychology clearly suggest that individuals have different risk-taking tendencies (e.g., risk takers vs. risk avoiders) in various situations, and that behavioral patterns affect the occurrence of certain types of accidents. Individual differences in risk taking tendency manifest under dangerous situations, and consequently affect the probability that an individual experiences a struck-by accident. Against this background, it is proposed that an agent-based simulation can be used to predict potential collisions between equipment and workers and to investigate the impact of different risk-taking tendencies on the occurrence of stuck-by accidents on construction sites. In this research, different risk taking tendencies are modeled into agent behavior rules, this simulation model generates moving trajectories of workers and equipment, which can be used to predict potential collisions and the consequences of different individual risk-taking tendencies under collision-possible situations. This paper demonstrates research opportunities associated with the proposed approach using an illustrative example.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputing in Civil Engineering 2017
Subtitle of host publicationSensing, Simulation, and Visualization - Selected Papers from the ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering 2017
EditorsKen-Yu Lin, Nora El-Gohary, Pingbo Tang
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages306-314
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480830
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Event2017 ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, IWCCE 2017 - Seattle, United States
Duration: Jun 25 2017Jun 27 2017

Publication series

NameCongress on Computing in Civil Engineering, Proceedings
Volume2017-June

Other

Other2017 ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, IWCCE 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period6/25/176/27/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Sun, C., Ahn, S., & Ahn, C. (2017). Investigating the Impact of Human Risk Taking Tendency on the Likelihood of Struck-By Accidents in Construction Using Agent-Based Simulation. In K-Y. Lin, N. El-Gohary, & P. Tang (Eds.), Computing in Civil Engineering 2017: Sensing, Simulation, and Visualization - Selected Papers from the ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering 2017 (pp. 306-314). (Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering, Proceedings; Vol. 2017-June). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480830.038