Investigating the incremental validity of employee engagement in the prediction of employee effectiveness: A meta-analytic path analysis

Michael M. Mackay, Joseph A. Allen, Ronald S. Landis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study used meta-analytic estimates and path analysis to examine whether the construct of employee engagement (EE) shows incremental validity in the prediction of employee effectiveness (a broad measure of performance-related behaviors) over other job attitudes such as job satisfaction, job involvement, and organizational commitment. Meta-analytic estimates between EE and various employee effectiveness indicators were computed from 49 published correlations representing a total of 22,090 individuals. We combined these estimates with published meta-analytic estimates between employee effectiveness and job attitudes to produce a meta-matrix representing 1,161 unique correlations. Using this meta-matrix, a series of path model comparisons produced two results: (1) EE bears low to moderate incremental validity over individual job attitudes (R2 change of 0.02 to 0.06), and (2) EE bears low incremental validity over a higher-order job attitude construct representing the combination of other job attitudes in the prediction of a higher-order employee effectiveness construct (R2 change of 0.01). Given the brevity of popular EE measures, the results suggest EE is better conceptualized as a higher-order measure of job attitudes that is an effective and concise predictor of employee effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-120
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Resource Management Review
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Employee Engagement
  • Job Attitudes
  • Job Performance
  • Meta-Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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