Involvement of ischemia-driven 5-lipoxygenase-resolvin-E1-chemokine like receptor-1 axis in the resolution of post-coronary artery bypass graft inflammation in coronary arteries

Finosh G. Thankam, Victoria E.D. Wilson, Mohamed M. Radwan, Aleem Siddique, Devendra K. Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: Expression status of pro-resolvin lipid mediators (PLM) and receptors in the post-Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) coronary arteries are largely unknown. Here, we aim to investigate the expression of the enzymes involved in PLM synthesis and their receptors in the atherosclerotic post-CABG swine (AS) left anterior descending (LAD) compared to without CABG (LAD–AS), and in isolated coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CASMCs) cultured under ischemia. Methodology: The arteries of interest were harvested from post-CABG atherosclerotic swine and the histomorphology and the expression status of key PLM mediators were quantified using immunostaining. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were cultured under ischemia and confirmed the expression on PLM mediators at transcript and protein level. Results: The histomorphometric analysis revealed considerable alterations in the tissue architecture in LAD–CABG and LAD–AS arteries compared to control. PLM synthetic enzyme 5-lipoxygenases (5LO) was significantly upregulated in LAD–CABG and LAD–AS whereas the other enzymes including 12LO, 15LO, and cyclooxygenase-2, and the receptors including Chemokine like receptor 1 (ChemR23), 7-transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor-18 (GPCR18), GPCR120 were decreased in LAD–CABG than control. LO enzymes and PLM receptors were upregulated in ischemic CASMCs with respect to control. Western blot showed the upregulation of 5LO, and ChemR23. Additionally, higher level of resolvin-E1 (RvE1) was observed in ischemic control CASMCs which was decreased following reperfusion. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the CASMCs withstand the ischemia-triggered proinflammatory episodes by increasing the secretion of RvE1 mediated through 5LO and ChemR23 signaling. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3123-3134
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Ischemia
  • Ischemic heart diseases
  • Lipoxygenases
  • Pro-resolvin mediators
  • Reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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