Secretory vesicle swelling is central to cell secretion, but the underlying mechanism of vesicle swelling, particularly synaptic vesicles, is not completely understood. The Gαi3-PLA2-mediated involvement of water channel AQP-1 in the regulation of secretory vesicle swelling in exocrine pancreas and the Gαo-mediated AQP-6 involvement in synaptic vesicle swelling in neurons have previously been reported. Furthermore, the role of vH+-ATPase in neurotransmitter transport into synaptic vesicles has also been shown. Using nanometer-scale precision measurements of isolated synaptic vesicles, the present study reports for the first time the involvement of vH+-ATPase in GTP-G αo-mediated synaptic vesicle swelling. Results from this study demonstrate that the GTP-Gαo-mediated vesicle swelling is vH+-ATPase dependent and pH sensitive. Zeta potential measurements of isolated synaptic vesicles further demonstrate a bafilomycin-sensitive vesicle acidification, following the GTP-Gαo-induced swelling stimulus. Water channels are bidirectional and the vH+-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin decreases both the volume of isolated synaptic vesicles and GTP-mastoparan stimulated swelling, suggesting that vH+-ATPase is upstream of AQP-6, in the pathway leading from Gao-stimulated swelling of synaptic vesicles. Vesicle acidification is therefore a prerequisite for AQP-6-mediated gating of water into synaptic vesicles.
- Atomic force microscopy
- Photon correlation spectroscopy
- Synaptic vesicle swelling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience