Ion Mobility Spectrometry and Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Estradiol Glucuronide Isomers

Alana L. Rister, Eric D. Dodds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Estradiol is an estrogenic steroid that can undergo glucuronidation at two different sites, which results in two estradiol glucuronide regioisomers. These isomers can be produced by different enzymes and can have different biological activities before being eliminated from the body. Although there have been previous methods that can distinguish the two isomers, these methods often have long acquisition times or high cost per analysis. In this study, traveling wave ion mobility spectrometry (TWIMS) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) was employed to separate estradiol glucuronides using alkali metal adduction in positive ion mode, where the sodiated dimer adduct provided adequate separation both in single-component standards and in two-component mixtures. Additionally, in negative ion mode, tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was used to quantitatively determine the relative composition of the two isomers. This was possible due to differences in the energetic requirements for loss of the glucuronic acid, which was characterized by energy-resolved collision-induced dissociation (CID). This work demonstrated that the intensity of the glucuronic acid neutral loss product as compared with the intensity of the intact precursor ion can be used to determine the percentage of each isomer present in a mixture. Overall, TWIMS successfully separated estradiol glucuronide isomers in positive ion mode and MS/MS via CID enables relative quantitation of each isomer in negative ion mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2037-2040
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019


  • Metal ion adduction
  • Steroid glucuronide isomers
  • Tandem mass spectrometry
  • Traveling wave ion mobility spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Spectroscopy

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