Is Plain Anterior-Posterior Radiograph of the Pelvis Adequate for Assessment of Radiographic Implant Migration Evaluation in Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Alexander Cm Chong, Lisa N. MacFadden, Bruce E. Piatt, Benjamin C. Noonan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: A commonly utilized method of measuring femoral stem migration in total hip arthroplasty (THA) on plain anteroposterior (AP) pelvis radiograph with referenced image magnification has not been rigorously evaluated. This study aims to validate the reproducibility of the methods used in this technique. Methods: A retrospective study of the standardized AP pelvis radiographs of patients who had undergone THA utilizing a Corail® femoral stem was performed from June 2012 through December 2017. Radiological evaluation (head diameter, stem length, and stem seating length) were undertaken at three clinical follow-up times. Each radiographic measurement of each radiograph was repeated five times. Outcomes investigated included inter- and intra-radiograph reproducibility evaluation and radiographic image magnification. The stem length error and stem subsidence were also evaluated. Results: Two hundred THA patients met the inclusion/ exclusion criteria. The intra-radiograph reproducibility of the stem length and head diameter measurements have at least "good" reproducibility with repeated measurements falling within 0.5 mm for both measurements. The reliability for femoral stem seating length measurements has "questionable/poor" reproducibility. The inter-radiograph reproducibility was, however, substantially lower. High level of unreliable measurements with values less than 0.0 mm for both femoral stem length errors (55%) and femoral stem subsidence (32%) measurements. Less than 45% accuracy (femoral stem length error: 33%; femoral stem subsidence: 44%) to within 3 mm error. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the assessment of radiographic implant migration after THA made on a sequence of plain AP pelvis radiograph have poor reproducibility.Level of Evidence: III.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalThe Iowa orthopaedic journal
Volume40
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • displacement measurement
  • plain radiograph
  • radiological image magnification
  • reproducibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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