Aims: To evaluate the relevance of the ISNT rule with reference to the optic nerve head, in differentiating normal and early glaucoma eyes and neuroretinal rim (NRR) area ratios as measures of glaucomatous optic neuropathy by confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (Heidelberg retina tomography (HRT) II). Methods: The study included 136 control eyes and 63 eyes of early primary open-angle glaucoma. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, HRT II (software 2.01) and achromatic automated perimetry using the Humphrey field analyzer Full threshold program 30-2 or 24-2. Topographic HRT parameters (disc area and rim area) were compared between the groups. To assess the statistical significance of differences between the study groups, the Student's t-test was used. Results: The ISNT rule was applicable in 71% of normal eyes and 68% of early glaucoma eyes. The superior to inferior area ratio was 0.96±0.01 in the normal group and 0.90±0.02 in the glaucoma group. There was a loss of approximately a quarter of the NRR in the inferotemporal and superotemporal quadrants. The inferonasal sector showed the least loss of NRR (4.34%). Conclusion: The inferior NRR is marginally wider than the superior NRR in about 2/3 of normal eyes, but could not be clinically appreciated in many of these. The characteristic configuration of a normal optic disc with the rim width being greatest in the inferior disc region followed by the superior disc region was maintained even in most patients with early glaucoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems