Is there such a thing as "defended community homicide"? The necessity of methods triangulation

Elizabeth Griffiths, Robert D. Baller, Ryan E. Spohn, Rosemary Gartner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Data on homicides in Buffalo, New York, are analyzed to demonstrate the importance of "methods triangulation" for assessing the validity of quantitative measures. Defended community homicides are quantitatively operationalized as acts that occur in the offender's community against a nonlocal victim. Poisson models provide strong support for the existence of defended community homicide, which is significantly more common in residentially stable and racially homogenous neighborhoods. However, subsequent qualitative analyses of the victim and offender characteristics and motives of these homicides undermine the "defended community" concept. Qualitative analyses are necessary to assess the validity of quantitative measures in criminological research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-244
Number of pages17
JournalVictims and Offenders
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Defended community homicide
  • Methods triangulation
  • Qualitative
  • Quantitative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Is there such a thing as "defended community homicide"? The necessity of methods triangulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this