BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of shared decision-making in clinical encounters is influenced by system, patient, and clinician factors that both facilitate and present barriers to patient-centered care. Little is known about which factors Jordanian physicians believe influence their ability to implement shared decision-making with cancer patients. AIMS: To determine Jordanian physicians' perceived barriers and facilitators to patient participation in treatment decision-making. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional exploratory survey design was used in the study. A convenience sample of 86 Jordanian medical and radiation oncologists and surgeons was recruited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A valid measure of physicians' views of shared decision-making was slightly modified from its original English and used to collect data. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for windows version 19.0 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Descriptive and inferential statistics were carried as appropriate. RESULTS: Insufficient time to spend with the patient, patient expecting a certain treatment rather than a consultation, and the patient's family overriding the decision-making process were the most frequently reported barriers to patient participation in treatment decision-making. Physicians believed that patients trust in physicians and patient being accompanied at the consultation were important facilitators of patient participation in treatment decision-making. CONCLUSIONS: Jordanian physicians perceive multiple barriers to patient participation in treatment decision-making. Patient-related difficulties (e.g., indecision), and system-related difficulties, in particular, patient's family influence on the decision-making process are more prevalent among Jordanian physicians compared to Western physicians.
- shared decision-making
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