Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus transactivator Rta induces cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase by stabilizing and promoting nuclear localization of p27kip

Pankaj Kumar, Charles Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) immediate-early gene, replication, and transcription activator (KRta) is a key viral protein that serves as the master regulator for viral lytic replication. In this study, we investigated the role of K-Rta in cell cycle regulation and found that the expression of K-Rta in doxycycline (Dox)-inducible BJAB cells induced cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase. Western blot analysis of key cell cycle regulators revealed that K-Rta-mediated cell cycle arrest was associated with a decrease in cyclin A and phosphorylated Rb (pS807/pS811) protein levels, both markers of S phase progression, and an increase in protein levels for p27, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. Further, we found that K-Rta does not affect the transcription of p27 but regulates p27 at the posttranslational level by inhibiting its proteosomal degradation. Immunofluorescence staining and cell fractionation experiments revealed largely nuclear compartmentalization of p27 in K-Rta-expressing cells, demonstrating that K-Rta not only stabilizes p27 but also modulates its cellular localization. Finally, short hairpin RNA knockdown of p27 significantly abrogates cell cycle arrest in K-Rta-expressing cells, supporting its key role in K-Rta-mediated cell cycle arrest. Our findings are consistent with previous studies which showed that expression of immediate-early genes of several herpesviruses, including herpes simplex virus, Epstein- Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus, results in cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase, possibly to avoid competition for resources needed for host cell replication during the S phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13226-13238
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of virology
Volume87
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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