Lability and impulsivity synergistically increase risk for alcohol-related problems

Jeffrey S. Simons, Kate B. Carey, Raluca M. Gaher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined two aspects of affect dysregulation as risk factors for alcohol-related problems. From a sample of 592 undergraduates, 442 alcohol users were examined on measures of impulsivity, lability, alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems. As expected, affect lability and impulsivity significantly increased risk for alcohol problems even after controlling for gender and lifetime-use frequency. Impulsivity was further examined as a vulnerability factor, potentially enhancing the relations between use frequency and problems and affect lability and problems. Impulsivity did not moderate the use frequency-problems relationship. However, the relationship between affect lability and problems was greatest among participants with higher degrees of impulsivity. The results demonstrate that individual differences in affect dysregulation are associated with alcohol-related problems in young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-694
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Affect dysregulation
  • Affect lability
  • Alcohol-related problems
  • Impulsivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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