Laser-energy transfer and enhancement of plasma waves and electron beams by interfering high-intensity laser pulses

P. Zhang, N. Saleh, S. Chen, Z. M. Sheng, D. Umstadter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of interference due to crossed laser beams were studied experimentally in the high-intensity regime. Two ultrashort (400 fs), high-intensity ([Formula presented] and [Formula presented]) and [Formula presented] wavelength laser pulses were crossed in a plasma of density [Formula presented]. Energy was observed to be transferred from the higher-power to the lower-power pulse, increasing the amplitude of the plasma wave propagating in the direction of the latter. This results in increased electron self-trapping and plasma-wave acceleration gradient, which led to an increased number of hot electrons (by [Formula presented]) and hot-electron temperature (by [Formula presented]) and a decreased electron-beam divergence angle (by [Formula presented]), as compared with single-pulse illumination. Simulations reveal that increased stochastic heating of electrons may have also contributed to the electron-beam enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume91
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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