In an ultrasonic sensor system based on π phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings (πFBGs), a cost-effective way for sensor demodulation is to set the laser wavelength at the center of the steep spectral slope of the πFBG refection spectrum. Frequency noise of the laser source ultimately limits the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the sensor system. Here, we demonstrate a noise cancelation method based on a pair of πFBGs, which is capable of improving the SNR of system beyond the limitation set by the laser frequency noise. In this method, one of the gratings is used as the sensor to detect the acoustic signal, and the other grating, isolated from the signal, is used as a reference that gives the noise information. Employing a data postprocessing method, the noise is subtracted from the original detected signal. We show that the SNR of the sensor system can be improved by up to 20 dB using this method.
- Diode lasers
- Fiber gratings
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering