Lemma discovery in automating induction

Deepak Kapur, M. Subramaniam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

25 Scopus citations


Speculating intermediate lemmas is one of the main reason of user interaction/guidance while mechanically attempting proofs by induction. An approach for generating intermediate lemmas is developed, and its effectiveness is demonstrated while proving properties of recursively defined functions. The approach is guided by the paradigm of attempting to generate a proof of the conclusion subgoal in an induction step by the application of an induction hypothesis (es). Generation of intermediate conjectures is motivated by attempts to find appropriate instantiations for non-induction variables in the main conjecture. In case, the main conjecture does not have any non-induction variables, such variables are introduced by attempting its generalization. A constraint based paradigm is proposed for guessing the missing side of an intermediate conjecture by identifying constraints on the term schemes introduced for the missing side. Definitions and properties of functions are judiciously used for generating instantiations and intermediate conjectures. Heuristics are identified for performing such analysis. The approach fails if appropriate instantiations of non-induction variables cannot be generated. Otherwise, proofs of intermediate conjectures are attempted and the proposed method is recursively applied. The method has proven to be surprisingly effective in speculating intermediate lemmas for tail-recursive programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAutomated Deduction – Cade-13 - 13th International Conference on Automated Deduction, Proceedings
EditorsJohn K. Slaney, Michael A. McRobbie
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)3540615113, 9783540615118
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes
Event13th International Conference on Automated Deduction, CADE 1996 - New Brunswick, United States
Duration: Jul 30 1996Aug 3 1996

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other13th International Conference on Automated Deduction, CADE 1996
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Brunswick

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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