Linear butenes from isobutene over H-Ferrierite: In situ studies using an oscillating balance reactor

Lucía M. Petkovic, Gustavo Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

H-Ferrierite is a particularly attractive catalyst for isomerization of linear butenes to isobutene. The behavior of H-Ferrierite during isobutene isomerization into linear butenes was studied using a packed-bed configured oscillating balance reactor, in situ diffuse reflectance FTIR spectroscopy, and MS. The zeolite surface was covered with oligomeric hydrocarbons within the first few minutes on stream. The kinetically controlled regimes of the isobutene isomerization reaction and the reverse (n-butene-to-isobutene) transformation were ~ 70 K apart. The difference in apparent activation energies for the two processes (ca. 11 kcal/mole) suggested that the two reactions were likely to proceed via different kinetic pathways. A higher degree of branching in the oligomeric species formed by acid-catalyzed polymerization of isobutene, relative to those from 1-butene, caused a smaller coke precursor critical uptake to effect the site-to-pore blockage transition. The ″aging″ (hydrogen loss and condensation leading to true coke) of such branched chains was slower than that of chains resulting from a 1-butene feed. The impact of intrazeolitic oligomeric hydrocarbons on the rate of formation of coke precursors and the isobutene isomerization process was presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume191
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000

Keywords

  • Butenes
  • Coke
  • H-Ferrierite
  • Oscillating balance reactor
  • Pulse mass analyzer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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