Patients with end-stage alcoholic liver disease should be considered for liver transplantation. A careful pretransplant evaluation must be undertaken to assess for both medical and psychiatric factors that will continue to require attention following transplantation. Although most programs require at least 6 months of ethanol abstinence before consideration of liver transplantation, there is little evidence that this conclusively predicts a reduction in recidivism. Most programs continue to exclude those with alcoholic hepatitis. Postoperatively, attention to psychiatric issues, recidivism, compliance, and assessment for tumors, especially squamous cell carcinomas, should be undertaken.
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