Long-acting approaches for delivery of antiretroviral drugs for prevention and treatment of HIV: a review of recent research

Denise A. Cobb, Nathan A. Smith, Benson J. Edagwa, Jo Ellyn M. McMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Despite significant advances in treatment and prevention of HIV-1 infection, poor adherence to daily combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens remains a major obstacle toward achieving sustained viral suppression and prevention. Adherence to ART could also be compromised by adverse drug reactions and societal factors that limit access to therapy. Therefore, medicines that aim to improve adherence by limiting ART side effects, frequency of dosing and socially acceptable regimens are becoming more attractive. Areas covered: This review highlights recent advances and challenges in the development of long-acting drug delivery strategies for HIV prevention and treatment. Approaches for extended oral and transdermal deliveries, microbicides, broadly neutralizing antibodies, and long-acting implantable and injectable deliveries are reviewed. Expert opinion: Emerging approaches on long-acting antiretroviral therapies and broadly neutralizing antibody technologies are currently at various stages of development. Such efforts, if successful and become broadly accepted by clinicians and users, will provide newer and simpler options for prevention and treatment of HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Delivery
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • HIV
  • LASER ART
  • broadly neutralizing antibodies
  • injectables
  • long-acting antiretrovirals
  • microbicides
  • subcutaneous implants
  • transdermal delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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