Long-Term Effectiveness of a Brief Restorative Justice Intervention

Joseph L.D. Kennedy, Antover P. Tuliao, Kay Lee N. Flower, Jessie J. Tibbs, Dennis E. McChargue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This research investigated the effectiveness of a brief Restorative Justice Intervention. Probationers who attended a Restorative Justice Intervention (n = 383) were compared with probationers receiving treatment as usual (n = 130) over a 2- to 6-year follow-up period. The proportion of individuals who recidivated in the control condition (n = 89, 68.46%) were higher compared with those who recidivated in the intervention condition (n = 127, 33.16%; z = 7.04, p <.001). In addition, among those who recidivated, those in the intervention condition did so less frequently. Qualitative analyses from a postintervention course evaluation given only to the intervention condition showed that 50% of probationers acknowledged an empathic understanding associated with participation. This brief intervention has a positive multilevel impact on restorative justice. Implications of these effects are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-17
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • probation
  • recidivism
  • restorative justice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology


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