Longitudinal changes in glycated haemoglobin following treatment intensification after inadequate response to two oral antidiabetic agents in patients with type 2 diabetes

Kibum Kim, Sudhir Unni, Diana I. Brixner, Sheila M. Thomas, Cody J. Olsen, Kimberly L. Sterling, Matt Mitchell, Carrie McAdam-Marx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To identify change in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) for 1 year after treatment intensification in patients with HbA1c >53 mmol/mol (7.0%) while on two classes of oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs). Material and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a regional health plan claims database for the period January 1, 2010 to March 31, 2017. Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) whose treatment was intensified with insulin, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist or a third OAD within 365 days of having HbA1c ≥53 mmol/mol (7.0%) on two OADs were included. The HbA1c trajectory for 1 year after intensification was estimated using a mixed-effects regression model. Results: The analysis included 1226 patients with a mean ± SD HbA1c at treatment intensification of 74.2 ± 18.7 mmol/mol (8.93 ± 1.7%). HbA1c was higher in the insulin group (74.2 mmol/mol) than in the non-insulin group (70.6 mmol/mol), as was the HbA1c decrease (P < 0.01) over the 1-year follow-up, particularly in patients with baseline HbA1c >9%. After intensification, insulin- and non-insulin-treated patients achieved an average change by month in HbA1c of −4.7 mmol/mol and −2.6 mmol/mol points, respectively. The analysis predicted HbA1c to be the lowest at 6 to 10 months post intensification, depending on intensification treatment and HbA1c at intensification; however, on average, HbA1c remained above 64.0 mmol/mol (8.0%). Conclusion: In patients with T2DM, intensification following an HbA1c value ≥53 mmol/mol (7.0%) while on two OADs was associated with a significant improvement in glycaemic control. Patients intensified with insulin had a higher baseline HbA1c but greater HbA1c reduction than those intensified with a non-insulin agent. However, HbA1c remained above 64 mmol/mol (8.0%) overall. Additional opportunity exists to further intensify therapy to improve glycaemic control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1725-1733
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • antidiabetic drug
  • glycaemic control
  • observational study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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