Lotus effect in engineered zirconia

Fereydoon Namavar, Chin Li Cheung, Renat F. Sabirianov, Wai Ning Mei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Gonghua Wang, Hani Haider, Kevin L. Garvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Patterned micro-and nanostructured surfaces have received increasing attention because of their ability to tune the hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity of their surfaces. However, the mechanical properties of these studied surfaces are not sufficiently robust for load-bearing applications. Here we report transparent nanocrystalline ZrO 2 films possessing combined properties of hardness and complete wetting behavior, which are expected to benefit tribology, wear reduction, and biomedical applications where ultrahydrophilic surfaces are required. This ultrahydrophiiic behavior may be explained by the Wenzel model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)988-996
Number of pages9
JournalNano Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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