Background: We determined whether low-dose oral enoximone could wean patients with ultra-advanced heart failure (UA-HF) from intravenous (IV) inotropic support. Chronic parenteral inotropic therapy in UA-HF is costly and requires an indwelling catheter. An effective and safe oral inotrope would have value. Methods: In this placebo-controlled study, 201 subjects with UA-HF requiring IV inotropic therapy were randomized to enoximone or placebo. Subjects receiving intermittent IV inotropes were administered study medication of 25 or 50 mg 3 times a day (tid). Subjects receiving continuous IV inotropes were administered 50 or 75 mg tid for 1 week, which was reduced to 25 or 50 mg tid. The ability of subjects to remain alive and free of inotropic therapy was assessed for up to 182 days. Results: Thirty days after weaning, 51 (51%) subjects on placebo and 62 (61.4%) subjects in the enoximone group were alive and free of IV inotropic therapy (unadjusted primary end point P = 0.14, adjusted for etiology P = .17). At 60 days, the wean rate was 30% in the placebo group and 46.5% in the enoximone group (unadjusted P = .016) Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated a trend toward a decrease in the time to death or reinitiation of IV inotropic therapy over the 182-day study period (hazard ratio 0.76 [95% CI 0.55-1.04]) and a reduction at 60 days (0.62 [95% CI 0.43-0.89], P = .009) and 90 days (0.69 [95% CI 0.49-0.97], P = .031) after weaning in the enoximone group. Conclusions: Although there was no benefit over placebo in weaning patients from IV inotropes from 0 to 30 days, the EMOTE data suggest that low-dose oral enoximone can be used to wean a modest percentage of subjects from IV inotropic support for up to 90 days after initiation of therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine