Lower omega-3 fatty acids are associated with the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide autoantibodies in a population at risk for future rheumatoid arthritis: A nested case-control study

Ryan W. Gan, Kendra A. Young, Gary O. Zerbe, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Michael H. Weisman, Jane H. Buckner, Peter K. Gregersen, Ted R. Mikuls, James R. O'Dell, Richard M. Keating, Michael J. Clare-Salzler, Kevin D. Deane, V. Michael Holers, Jill M. Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate omega-3 fatty acid (FA) supplement use and omega-3 FAs in erythrocyte membranes [omega-3 FA % in erythrocyte membranes (RBC)] and their association with anti-CCP autoantibodies in a population without RA, but who are at genetic risk for RA. Methods. The multicentre Studies of the Etiology of RA (SERA) cohort includes RA-free subjects who are first-degree relatives of RA probands or are enriched with the HLA-DR4 allele. In a nested case-control study, 30 SERA cases were identified who were anti-CCP2 antibody positive. We further identified 47 autoantibody negative controls, frequency matched to cases on age at study visit, sex, race and study site. Anti-CCP2 status, self-reported omega-3 FA supplement use and omega-3 FA % in RBCs were obtained from a single visit. Results. Anti-CCP2 positive cases were less likely than controls to report omega-3 FA supplement use (odds ratio: 0.14; 95% CI 0.03, 0.68). In addition, the likelihood of anti-CCP2 positivity was inversely associated with total omega-3 FA % in RBCs (odds ratio: 0.47; 95% CI 0.24, 0.92, for a S.D. increase). Conclusion. The inverse association between anti-CCP2 positivity and self-reported omega-3 FA supplement use and omega-3 FA % in RBCs suggests that omega-3 FAs may protect against the development of RA-related autoimmunity in pre-clinical RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-376
Number of pages10
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2015

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Epidemiology
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Gan, R. W., Young, K. A., Zerbe, G. O., Kristen Demoruelle, M., Weisman, M. H., Buckner, J. H., Gregersen, P. K., Mikuls, T. R., O'Dell, J. R., Keating, R. M., Clare-Salzler, M. J., Deane, K. D., Michael Holers, V., & Norris, J. M. (2015). Lower omega-3 fatty acids are associated with the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide autoantibodies in a population at risk for future rheumatoid arthritis: A nested case-control study. Rheumatology (United Kingdom), 55(2), 367-376. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kev266