Lung mechanics following aspiration of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid

R. Winn, J. Stothert, B. Nadir, J. Hildebrandt

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pressure-volume curves were obtained from excised left lungs of goats at 4, 24, and 48 h after tracheal instillation of 2.5 ml/kg of 0.1 N HCl. Air total lung capacity (TLC) at transpulmonary pressure (PL) = 35 cmH2O was 38.8 ml/kg body weight before acid, and was reduced sharply to 21.1 at 4 h, then increased to 25.6 at 24 h and 32.1 at 48 h. Excess extravascular lung water (EVLW) could account for only part of the volume reductions. Specific compliance ratio of transpulmonary pessure to total lung capacity (CL/TLC)) between PL of 5 and 0 cmH2O was reduced from 0.074/cmH2O to 0.050, 0.048, and 0.053/cmH2O, respectively. Saline TLC (PL = 10 cmH2O) changed from 44.8 to 32.4, 34.3, and 45.4 ml/kg, respectively, but CL/TLC did not, suggesting airway obstruction. After injury, trapped volume at PL = 0 increased from 24.9 to 29.2, 43.3, and 37.3% TLC with air, and from 20.3 to 38.5, 33.1, and 28.5%, respectively, with saline. Air volume at a PL = 10 cmH2O on deflation fell from 82.0 to 72.1% TLC at 4 h, but was near control at 24 and 48 h. The reduction in ventilated volume was not reflected in proportionately increased shunt; therefore, some compensatory vasoconstriction must have occurred. We suggest that in affected regions increased surface forces, increased EVLW, and airway obstruction caused reductions of lung volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1051-1056
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology

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