Nanocluster-assembled dilute (FePt)x C100-x films with 30≥x≥5 (x denotes volume fraction) were produced using a gas-aggregation technique. FePt clusters with an average size of about 4.0 nm (with standard deviation σd=0.09) were embedded in high volume fraction of carbon matrix, which is used to isolate the FePt clusters. Postdeposition annealing was used to realize the high-anisotropy L 10 phase. Single-crystal features of well-isolated clusters were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM) in annealed dilute films. The coercivity of the films annealed at 700 °C for 5 min was a few hundred Oersteds at room temperature, while a coercivity about 4 kOe was observed at low temperature 10 K for x=5, indicating partial ordering of the clusters. The coercivity strongly depends on annealing temperature and annealing time, and increases with decreasing FePt volume fraction. For a dilute FePt cluster film with x=5 annealed at 700 °C for 60 min, a room-temperature coercivity of about 30 kOe and low-temperature (10 K) coercivity of about 40 kOe were obtained, which imply an anisotropy field of 83 kOe, assuming the clusters are noninteractive. The results are discussed by comparing with simulations for Stoner-Wohlfarth particles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)