Rock-salt NiO and Ni0.7Zn0.3O nanoparticles were investigated by x-ray diffraction, atomic-force microscopy, and magnetic measurements. Nanoparticle diameters varied from 8 to 30 nm depending on reaction conditions. There are two main magnetization contributions, the field-induced spin canting of the antiferromagnetic sublattices and the magnetization rotation caused by uncompensated spins interacting with the magnetic field. The former is a bulk effect, modified by the presence of Zn, whereas the latter is a nanoscale effect that increases with decreasing particle size. The relative contributions of the two effects depend on particle size with a critical size of about 18 nm resulting in bulklike behavior.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)