Malignancy outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with abatacept and other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs: Results from a 10-year international post-marketing study

Teresa A. Simon, Samy Suissa, Maarten Boers, Marc C. Hochberg, Mary Lou Skovron, Johan Askling, Kaleb Michaud, Anja Strangfeld, Sofia Pedro, Thomas Frisell, Yvette Meissner, Alyssa Dominique, Andres Gomez

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the risk of malignancy (overall, breast, lung, and lymphoma) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with abatacept, conventional synthetic (cs) disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and other biologic/targeted synthetic (b/ts)DMARDs in clinical practice. Methods: Four international observational data sources were included: ARTIS (Sweden), RABBIT (Germany), FORWARD (USA), and BC (Canada). Crude incidence rates (IRs) per 1000 patient-years of exposure with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for a malignancy event were calculated; rate ratios (RRs) were estimated and adjusted for demographics, comorbidities, and other potential confounders. RRs were then pooled in a random-effects model. Results: Across data sources, mean follow-up for patients treated with abatacept (n = 5182), csDMARDs (n = 73,755), and other b/tsDMARDs (n = 37,195) was 3.0–3.7, 2.9–6.2, and 3.1–4.7 years, respectively. IRs per 1000 patient-years for overall malignancy ranged from 7.6–11.4 (abatacept), 8.6–13.2 (csDMARDs), and 5.0–11.8 (other b/tsDMARDs). IRs ranged from: 0–4.4, 0–3.3, and 0–2.5 (breast cancer); 0.1–2.8, 0–3.7, and 0.2–2.9 (lung cancer); and 0–1.1, 0–0.9, and 0–0.6 (lymphoma), respectively, for the three treatment groups. The numbers of individual cancers (breast, lung, and lymphoma) in some registries were low; RRs were not available. There were a few cases of lymphoma in some of the registries; ARTIS observed an RR of 2.8 (95% CI 1.1–6.8) with abatacept versus csDMARDs. The pooled RRs (95% CIs) for overall malignancy with abatacept were 1.1 (0.8–1.5) versus csDMARDs and 1.0 (0.8–1.3) versus b/tsDMARDs. Conclusions: This international, post-marketing observational safety study did not find any statistically significant increase in the risk of overall malignancies in pooled data in patients treated with abatacept compared with csDMARDs or with other b/tsDMARDs. Assessment of larger populations is needed to further evaluate the risks for individual cancers, especially lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number152240
JournalSeminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Clinical practice
  • Epidemiology
  • Observational study
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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