Findings obtained from our recent studies have demonstrated that malondialdehyde, a product of lipid peroxidation, and acetaldehyde can react together with proteins in a synergistic manner and form hybrid protein conjugates, which have been designated as malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA)-protein adducts. These adducts have been detected in livers of ethanol-fed rats and are immunogenic because significant increases in circulating antibody titers against MAA-adducted proteins have been observed in ethanol-fed rats and more recently in human alcoholics. Although immunological factors may tend to perpetuate liver injury, little is known about the direct functional consequences of MAA-adducted proteins on the different cellular populations of the liver. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have been shown to be pivotal in the pathogenesis of fibrosis and in the amplification and self-perpetuation of the inflammatory process. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of MAA-adducted proteins on the function of HSCs. Rat HSCs were exposed to various amounts of MAA-protein adducts and their unmodified controls, and the secretion of two chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2, that are involved in the chemotaxis of monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils, respectively, was determined. We observed that bovine serum albumin-MAA induced a dose- and time-dependent increase in the secretion of both of these chemokines. These findings indicate that MAA-adducted proteins may play a role in the modulation of the hepatic inflammatory response and could contribute to the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease.
- Alcoholic hepatitis
- Alcoholic liver disease
- Macrophage inflammatory protein-2
- Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Behavioral Neuroscience