Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Approximately 20% of these patients present with brain metastases (BMs). Surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, and whole-brain radiation therapy have historically been the primary treatment modalities for patients with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and BMs. The treatments for BMs have become complex with the discovery of targetable molecular drivers and the development of an astonishing number of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Many of these tyrosine kinase inhibitors have robust and durable efficacy against CNS metastases. In many circumstances, these drugs can defer local therapy and even reduce the risk of CNS progression. More recently, immune checkpoint inhibitors have changed the treatment landscape for many patients with NSCLC; however, the role of immunotherapy in patients with BMs is the subject of ongoing investigations. This article will review the current data and our approach to patients with NSCLC and BMs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy