One hundred thirty-four consecutive eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment involving the macula were evaluated with reference to the effectiveness of systemic steroids in preventing choroidal detachment after scleral buckling surgery and in facilitating both anatomic and functional success. The occurrence of postoperative choroidal detachment was inversely related to the routine intravenous administration of steroids under antibiotic coverage beginning in the recovery room (P = 0.014). Eyes so treated were free of both clinically significant infection and extrusion. The infrequent but worrisome complication of angle closure sufficient to require choroidal tap did not occur among treated eyes. Routine steroid use may have been associated with increased preservation of acuity at the level of 20/200 or better (P = 0.043).
- choroidal detachment
- rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
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