Management of special wastes: Biosolids

Tanaji T. More, Sridhar Pilli, Song Yan, Rajeshwar D. Tyagi, Rao Y. Surampalli, Tian C. Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses the current understanding of sludge production, characteristics, legislation, handling and disposal technologies, and recent trends in sludge management. The characteristics of sludge vary globally because the properties of sludge depend upon factors such as population density and habits, the proportion and nature of a community’s industrial base, the composition of wastewater, the age of sludge, and the method of wastewater treatment. The chapter reviews published reports on sludge-management frameworks from around the world and unifies existing data to outline the current sustainable management of sludge, including sludge treatment/disposal options, methods for energy recovery, and production of value-added products from sludge. The disposal of effluent and biosolids is subject to EPA approval and licensing. Finally, the chapter discusses future perspectives of sludge-management issues and specific conditions for different countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSustainable Solid Waste Management
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages66
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479308
ISBN (Print)9780784414101
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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